Western civilization from Renaissance to present from perspective of traditional humanistic values reflected in its arts and ideas. Examines fundamental questions about human experience, formative events in history, and value of important literary and artistic texts.
Course Outline: 
Chapter 16: The Renaissance in the North: Between Wealth and Want
Chapter 17: The Reformation: A New Church and the Arts
Chapter 19: England in the Tudor Era: “This Other Eden”
Shakespeare’s Hamlet
Chapter 20: The Early Counter-Reformation and Mannerism: Restraint and Invention

Chapter 21: The Baroque in Italy: The Church and Its Appeal Galileo’s “Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina”
Chapter 22: The Secular Baroque in the North: The Art of Observation
Descartes’s Discourse on Method
Chapter 23: The Baroque Court: Absolute Power and Royal Patronage
Chapter 24: The Rise of the Enlightenment in England: The Claims of Reason
Pope’s An Essay on Man
Chapter 25: The Rococo and the Enlightenment on the Continent: Privilege and Reason
Voltaire’s Candide
Chapter 26: The Rights of Man: Revolution and the Neoclassical Style
Chapter 27: The Romantic World View: The Self in Nature and the Nature of Self
Keats’ “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
Chapter 28: Industry and the Working Class: A New Realism
Darwin’s The Origin of Species
Chapter 29: Defining a Nation: American National Identity and the Challenge of the Civil War
Marx and Engels’ Communist Manifesto
Chapter 30: Global Confrontation and Modern Life: The Quest for Cultural Identity
Chapter 31: The Promise of Renewal: Hope and Possibility in Late Nineteenth-Century Europe
Chapter 33: The Fin de Siècle: Toward the Modern
Ibsen’s A Doll’s House
Chapter 34: The Era of Invention: Paris and the Modern World Chapter 35: The Great War and Its Impact: A Lost Generation and a New Imagination
Eliot’s The Waste Land
Chapter 36: New York, Skyscraper Culture and the Jazz Age: Making It New
Chapter 37: The Age of Anxiety: Fascism and Depression, Holocaust and Bomb
Chapter 38: After the War: Existential Doubt, Artistic Triumph, and the Culture of Consumption
Chapter 39: Multiplicity and Diversity: Cultures of Liberation and Identity in the 1960s and 1970s
Chapter 40: Without Boundaries: Multiple Meanings in a Postmodern World